Bud-khwa (Lay-khwa) and Lout-sa-lone

Some villagers use this things for some purposes.

bat kwa


Transportation for Sinkyun Villagers

Most villagers use bicycles, motorbikes, bullock carts and pick-up trucks. In the raining season, the villagers can’t use their bicycles and motorbikes; the roads are in bad condition. They go shopping to Shwebo which is far from the village about 14 miles.

road1 road2 road3 road4 road5 bicycle1

Bullock Cart Use in Sinkyun Village, Tabayin Township

The primary mode of transportation in the village is bullock cart.Every house usually has each bullock cart. A bullock cart or ox cart is a two-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). It is a means of transportation used since ancient times in many parts of the world. They are still used today where modern vehicles are too expensive or the infrastructure does not favor them.

bullock cart1 Journey Through Hsin Taung Bagan, Myanmar bullock cart5 village cart4

Mu River near Sinkyun Village

Mu River Mu River and Sinkyun village

I describe about Mu River because the villagers love it.

Mu River is a river in upper central Myanmar (Burma), and a tributary of the country’s chief river the Ayeyarwady. It drains the Kabaw valley and part of the Dry Zone between the Ayeyarwady to the east and its largest tributary Chindwin River to the west, flows directly north to south for about 275 km (171 mi) and enters the Ayeyarwady west of Sagaing near Myinmu.

Its catchment area above the Kabo weir is 12,355 square kilometres (4,770 sq mi). River flow and rainfall are both seasonal and erratic, at its lowest from January to April, rising sharply during May and June, and high from August to October. Because the Mu lies within the Dry Zone in the rain shadow of Rakhine Yoma, it receives scanty summer monsoon rainfall with a total streamflow of 350 millimetres (14 in). An old popular expression in Burmese goes thus: Ma myinbu, Mu myit htin (မျမင္ဖူး မူးျမစ္ထင္) – If you haven’t seen a river before, you’d think the Mu is it. It may also be called Mu Chaung (creek) rather than Mu Myit (river) by some.

The wooded upper Mu valley is populated by the Kadu and Kanan minorities whereas the fertile lower valley constitutes part of the heartlands of the ethnic majority Bamar.


In 1503 Mong Yang Shans attacked and took the northern garrison town of Myedu that guarded the irrigated Mu valley, an important granary to the Bamar kingdom of Ava. These attacks culminated in a full scale invasion in 1524 and the establishment of Shan rule (1527–1555). The Kabaw Valley saw many an invasion by the kingdom of Manipur to the west, most notably during the reign of King Garibaniwaj (1709–1748) when his army crossed over the Chindwin and the Mu, took Myedu, and reached as far as Sagaing opposite the capital Ava. The tables were turned in 1758 after King Alaungpaya ascended the Burmese throne and invaded Manipur.

Descendants from Portuguese captives (or Bayingyi), taken by King Anaukpetlun after defeating the adventurer Philip de Brito and settled in the area in the 17th century, still keep their Roman Catholic faith. And to this day their ancestry is discernible from their features.

The railroad bridge over the Mu river was destroyed by the retreating Japanese forces during World War II. During April and July 1943, USAF B-25s attacked the bridge between Ywataung and Monywa with little success, but accidentally hit upon a method of successful bombing on New Years Day 1944. The 490th squadron became so proficient that they won the accolade “Burma Bridge Busters”.

An eyewitness report states that, at the time of the Depayin Massacre in May 2003, most of the victims killed were burnt and the remains dumped in the Mu river.

Flora and fauna

Large-leaved deciduous hardwood of the Dipterocarpus spp., mainly D. tuberculatus, dominates in the forests mixed with some ingyin (Pentacme suavis and Shorea oblongifolia), taukkyan (Terminalia tomentosa), thitsi (Melanorrhoea usitata), bamboo, and kaing tall grass (Saccharum spp.) around water holes.

Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary, with the Mu next to its eastern boundary, was designated a wildlife sanctuary in 1941 for the conservation of the brow-antlered deer Thamin (Cervus eldi thamin). There has been a decline in the population of large mammals since the end of WWII into the 80s, and these include tiger, bear, leopard, gaur, banteng, wild dog, barking deer and hog deer.

White-Winged Duck (Cairina scutulata), an endangered species of forest duck, is native to the Mu river.


The Mu valley is fertile and the government’s efforts to develop the region can be seen in the Mu River Valley Project. Mu River Bridge was finished in April 2000, a rail-and-road bridge that links Monywa, Budalin, Dabayin, Ye-U and Kin-U. From Kin-U it links with the MandalayMyitkyina railway line, and from Monywa with the Sagaing-Monywa line.

Kabo Weir was constructed on the Mu between 1901-1907 by the British colonial administration. The largest dam and reservoir in the region at Thaphanseik for irrigation and hydroelectric power (30 MW) was also completed in May 2002 with Chinese aid.  The $20 million project was financed by the China Import and Export Bank.


  1. “Mu River”. Encyclopaedia Britannica online. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  2. Hla Baw. “Study on Reuse Water in Shwebo Irrigation Scheme in Myanmar”. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, 1st Asian Regional Conference, Seoul 2001. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  3. Michael Bonell et al. Hydrology and Water Management in the Humid Tropics. Cambridge University Press, 1993. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-521-45268-7. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  4. “Myanmar States & Divisions – Sagaing”. Yadanabon.com. Retrieved 2008-10-11.[dead link]
  5. Fernquest, Jon. “Min-gyi-nyo, the Shan Invasions of Ava (1524-27), and the Beginnings of Expansionary Warfare in Toungoo Burma: 1486-1539”. SOAS, Autumn 2005. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  6. Phanjoubam Tarapot (2003). Bleeding Manipur. Har-Anand Publications. pp. 112–3. ISBN 978-81-241-0902-1.
  7. “Portuguese Descendants of Bhurma’s Mu Valley – The Bayingyi”. Arscives.com. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  8. “Burma C 1945-04 photo”. Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  9. The Army Air Forces in World War II, Volume Four: The Pacific, Guadalcanal to Saipan, August 1942 to July 1944. DIANE Publishing. pp. 491–2. ISBN 978-1-4289-1589-3. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  10. Amreen Choudhury and Yeshua Moser-Puangsuwan. “Justice Disappeared: Exploring the Links of Arms Trade, Impunity and Political Disappearances in Asia”. Nonviolence International Southeast Asia, 2007. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
  11. Myint Aung et al. “The environmental history of Chatthin Wildlife Sanctuary, a protected area in Myanmar (Burma)”. Journal of Environmental Management, April 2004. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  12. “Kyatthin Wildlife Sanctuary”. ARCBC (ASEAN Regional Centre for Biodiversity Conservation). Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  13. “White-Winged Duck”. Birdbase. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
  14. “The current of Union Spirit with sources from three rivers-2”. The New Light of Myanmar, April 14, 2003. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
  15. “Sr Gen Than Shwe urges officials to collectively strive for turning Sagaing Division into granary of Upper Myanmar Assistance assured to upgrade Monywa-Budalin-Dabayin-YeU-KhinU Road”. The New Light of Myanmar, December 3, 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
  16. “Irrigation Works in Myanmar”. Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, 2004. Retrieved 2008-10-10.
  17. “China in Burma”. EarthRights International. Retrieved 2008-10-10.[dead link]
  18. “Hydropower Plant Put Into Service”. The Irrawaddy. June 2002. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
  19. Wikipedia

Sinkyun Village, Tabayin Township, Sagaing Region, Myanmar.

Sinkyun Village is located in Tabayin Township, Sagaing Region, Upper Myanmar, Myanmar. It is situated along the bank of Mu River. There are over 200 families in the village. There are two monasteries and one primary school. All of the villagers are farmers. A few people are fishermen.

As it is located along the Mu River, the villagers can grow crops well. They usually grow all kinds of peas and beans, wheat, and various vegetables. Recently, most farmers are interested in banana and melon business because it makes them more profit.

The students in the village attend at the Basic Education Primary School in the village. After that, they attend their middle and high school at some places near the village (e.g. Let-hloke village for middle school, Shwebo for high school). Most students can’t attend to the school for higher education. They quit from school after primary education at the village and they work in the farms at the village.

All the villagers are Buddhist. They go to monastery every week and pay homage to Buddha and its monks. Some children are taught at the monasteries. There are about 10 monks in the village.

Sinkyun village is located at the end of the Tabayin village. To the east, there is Wun-si village which is situated in Shwebo Township. To the southeast, there is Kyout-tine village in Wet-let Township. To the west, there is Magyikan village in Ayartaw Township.

The villagers are very kind and simple. They work their work every year and make donation to the monks. They buy some foods from Shwebo which is located from the village at about 14 miles. So, they go there by bicycles, cars or motorbikes.

Welcome to Sinkyun Village!

sinkyun village BEHS Sinkyun village Mu River Sinkyun village Mu-myit Sinkyun village sunset